LEAGUE LARGELY FAILED TO BRING ABOUT DISARMAMENT IN THE 1920'S
1921 Washington Conference
- USA< Japan, Britain, and France agreed to limit size of navies.
Locarno Treaties (1925)
- Germany agreed borders with France and Belgium as in the Treaty of Versailles (but nothing on Eastern borders)
- Britain and Italy agreed to protect France if Germany attacked.
- Germany accepted Rhineland as a de-militarised zone.
- France and Germany agreed to settle future disputes through the league.
- France was really pleased - fireworks and church bells.
- This paved the way for Germany to join the League of Nations in 1926.
Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928)
- Signed by 65 nations.
- All parties condemn war as a means of settling disputes.
- Noting to say what would happen if someone did declare war.
- This was looked on as a turning point in History and people thought the world was getting a safer place.
- Dawes Plan 1924 - USA lent money to pay reparations.
- Rapallo Treaty 1922 - Russia and Germany re-established diplomatic relationship.
- Young Plan 1929 - Reduced Germany's reparations.
Economic recovery meant that countries were less likely to fight each other.
- Disarmament failure in 1930's
- 1920's international relations better so disarmament didn't matter.
- 1930's league was under more pressure.
- Germany was angry that no other nations were forced to disarm.
- 1923 Disarmament conference resolved to:
- Prohibit bombing of civilian populations.
- Limit artillery size.
- Limit tonnage of tanks.
- Prohibit chemical warfare.